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Soldering Technique for your Guitar Tags: soldering


SOLDERING TECHNIQUE for your guitar

Soldering isn't difficult if one knows the "tricks of the trade".

THE TRICKS OF THE TRADE
1.  Use the right soldering iron.  For guitar work a soldering iron of approximately 30 to 60 watts is best.  If your iron has a temperature indicator, about 400 to 425 degrees is perfect.  15 to 20 watt irons are not strong enough... 80+ watt irons are "industrial" use (home electronics) and can burn out components.  So as with all things, use the right tool for the job.

2. Use quality solder.  Most people prefer high-quality tech-use 60/40 lead-based rosin core solder.  Some prefer non-lead solder, but it can be a little more difficult to use.  Thin solder melts faster and applies better.  Thick solder is intended for household wiring, not guitar electronics.  You'll want solder applicable for digital electronics or music work.

3. Heat the solder, not the work.  It is often wrongly instructed to get the metal hot and then apply the solder.  However, doing so can damage the metal, melt associated heat-sensitive parts (such as rubber grommets or seals), and with guitar potentiometers (volume / tone controls) can easily burn out the pot. 

A BETTER WAY is to melt the solder and apply to the joint.  First   make sure your two items are properly aligned.  If joining wire to a tab, insert the wire through the hole (if there is one) and bend back to form a good connection.   If there is no hole or if you're putting the wire on a flat surface, make sure the wire is fully laying on the surface (no gap between the wire and surface).  You may need to use assisting items such as clamps or the popular "third hand" device to get the wire to lay properly on a flat surface.

Make sure your iron is preheated and ready to go.  Bring both solder and iron close to the joint... then A) Touch the solder to the item B) apply the iron to the solder (not the item)  C) Allow the molten solder to flow to the piece.

Solder conducts heat very well.  It will flow onto and through the joint, instantly transferring the heat from the iron and heating the metal to the proper degree.  When you see the solder flow properly and take on a silver-shiny surface, remove both the solder wire and soldering iron.  (You can practice this a few times on bare wire to get the knack.)

Summary.  By using the solder to transfer heat instead of the iron you cause the solder joint to form more quickly.  The solder helps prevent damage to the device, and the joint will then cool properly.

This technique is easy to learn, easy to apply, and pretty much works every time.  You are using the solder itself to act as both heat transference and buffer device between the soldering iron and the work.  This minimizes possible damage to components.

--o--

An Alternative to Volume & Tone Knobs Tags: alternative volume tone

This article is a basic "think about it" commentary.  It neither proposes industry wide change.  It's just food for thought... and explanation of some of my latest projects.

 

MY ZERO-KNOB GUITAR

I built an electric guitar for myself that has no control knobs.  That's right, no volume, no tone, straight pickup to jack.   Let me explain why.

 

IT'S NOT REALLY WHAT THEY DO

As guitar builders know, volume and tone knobs are potentiometers.  There are different potentiometers:  250k, 500k, 1M, Type A and B.  But in the end game they differ not in tone itself, but tone potential and in the way they produce it.  A 500k pot contains all the sound potential of a 250k pot but allows more treble.  An A or B pot either one produces the same sound output... just at different speeds of getting there. 

But what's more interesting is that a volume pot really isn't a volume pot:  It's a "tone cutter".   It starts by cutting out the high tones, then cuts out mid tones,  and then on the low end cuts all tones completely.  It seems to be a volume pot because it does indeed reduce audible sound.  But it does so by simply grounding out specific ranges of sound, starting with the high tones until it cuts out all the tones completely.

The downside to this:  if you use your guitar volume knob to turn down volume slightly, you're in reality cutting out part of the guitar's treble range.  Is that really what you're wanting to do?

A tone pot does indeed change the sound coming out of a guitar... but in most  instances it tends to muffle sound rather than accurately change its tone.  This is visible in how tone pots are built; they simply bypass a certain range of sound by increasing or decreasing increments.  They don't change all tones evenly.  Advanced, well-made tone knobs do a better job overall, but seldom change tone well. 

Do you really want to "muffle" your guitar?

Don't get me wrong.  There's nothing wrong with volume and tone knobs.  They're used industry-wide and people like them.  They do offer utility and convenience.  But that doesn't mean they're absolutely required.  To put it plainly:  they are not essential to producing good sound.

 

PROVE IT TO YOURSELF

Try to use the volume and tone knobs on your guitar.  Listen to the results.  Then crank all your guitar knobs to "10" (full pickup output mode)  and change the volume and tone at your amplifier.  Chances are you will notice a significant difference, with the amplifier alterations sounding much better. 

Why is this?  Because a good amplifier has all sorts of modification circuitry built in to adjust volume and tone properly, beyond the basic capabilities of a simple potentiometer.

So this leads us to ask:  Which is better, to adjust volume and tone at the guitar, or at the amp?   If the amp does it better... why not use the amp?

This issue is why equalizer boards exist.  It's why professional musicians use pedals and sound boxes.  It's why amps have all those fancy settings in the first place.

The truth is, many professional guitar players crank both volume and tone knobs to "full 10" setting and then adjust output at their amp.  This fact could bring one to wonder:  if professionals do that, are the guitar knobs necessary to begin with?

Think about it this way:  if a guitar volume and tone knob were sufficient, why would an amplifier need such?  Why wouldn't the amp have no knobs, and just let the player control it all from the guitar? 

 

OUTPUTTING PURE SIGNAL

Wishbringer FlatCat™ pickups produce beautiful sound without any alteration whatsoever.  This is the case with many quality pickups... but commonly beginning guitar players aren't aware of this because they never give them the chance to do so.  Many players are under the impression that volume and tone controls on the guitar are essential to getting the "perfect sound".  In reality the opposite is true; you will achieve the most "perfect", precise sound by bypassing all controls entirely, sending the pickup signal straight to the amp.

While you will very seldom see this in practice there are some instruments that connect the pickup(s) directly to the output jack. Dual pickups might have a switch in between (which will significantly change the output sound of the guitar when one switches between neck and bridge pickup)  But volume and tone knobs may be missing. 

Why would anyone do this?  Because that way you're sending pure signal to the amplifier, with no potentiometers getting in the way, no pots to go bad, no interference with the current going directly to the amp and no potential grounding issues. Doing so can also reduce potential "hum" problems, especially if you use shielded or twisted-pair wire.

You then adjust the precise volume and tone you want at the amp, which has far better circuitry for doing that sort of thing.

Of course you can use a quality volume pedal (popular) or equalizer box in between to put the controls close at hand.  But in many instances once you have your amp set properly, you're good to go.

 

A WONDROUS NO-KNOB ELECTRIC GUITAR

The guitar I recently major-modded is an old archtop which was unplayable.  I spent a few months on it, taking it down to bare wood, re-gluing where needed, re-finishing and then replaced all the hardware.  To make it electric I used a single FlatCat™ pickup near the neck. I wanted the purest sound I could get to go to the amp, so I ran the FlatCat straight to the jack.  I can adjust volume and tone at the amp with better results, with no potential distortion from basic pots.   This is electric guitar output at its simplest and cleanest:  straight from the pickup to the amp, direct wiring. 

The resulting sound is awesome, undistorted, clean as it can be.  There are no unsightly knobs to get in the way of playing.  Quite a bit less wiring involved as well, with zero hum or noise.  And I can get any tone I want out of it by adjusting my amplifier.

Just something to think about.   It's an unusual idea, but with sound reasoning behind it.  One might be surprised how many musicians "bypass" their guitar controls by cranking them full-on "ten" and letting the amp do its job.  Bypassing controls might work for your project as well.

 

--o--

 

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